Topological Phases of Matter and Their Excitations
IRG-1 brings together a diverse team of solid-state chemists, condensed matter physicists, and electrical engineers to create materials systems with topological electronic phases and to probe and understand their novel properties using a variety of experimental and theoretical techniques. It proposes a broad program that includes the study of topological quantum states in novel insulators, semiconductors, metals, superconductors and magnetic materials. This IRG builds on our previous successes in the study of topological phases in Bi-based semiconductors to further develop the new class of topological crystalline insulators and metals with strong spin-split electronic states to explore helical bulk electronic systems. To realize topological superconducting phases, we harness atomic scale engineering and self-assembly to realize new nanoscale systems that are expected to harbor topological excitations that are Majorana fermions. Looking beyond Majorana fermions, we use our state-of-the art molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) growth of extremely high mobility two-dimensional electron systems and combine these systems together in bilayers and with superconductors to search for Majorana-like excitations (parafermions) that are predicted to be excitations of an interacting topological state. Magnetic systems provide a unique setting to explore topological phases and their excitations in condensed matter systems and will be another focus of our program; one particularly interesting system we plan to examine is made up of chains of coupled magnetic moments in which there are emergent low energy fermionic excitations. Frustrated and Kagome lattices of spins provide their own opportunities to create spin systems that have interesting low energy topological excitations.
R. J. Cava, co-leader (Chemistry)
N. P. Ong, co-leader (Physics)
B. A. Bernevig (Physics)
F. D. M. Haldane (Physics)
M. Shayegan (Elec. Engin.)
Donna D. N. Sheng (Cal. State Northridge)
L. Pfeiffer (Elec. Engin.)
A. Yazdani (Physics)
Leslie Schoop (Chemistry)
T. Valla (Brookhaven Nat. Lab.)
G. Gu (Brookhaven Nat. Lab.)
V. Bayot (Catholic Univ. Louvain, Belgium)
M. Lilly (Sandia National Labs)
Qi-kun Xue (Tsinghua, Beijing)
Yayu Wang (Tsinghua, Beijing)
Professor F. Duncan Haldane, PCCM IRG-1 senior investigator, was awarded the 2016 Nobel Prize in Physics "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter." Haldane, the Eugene Higgins Professor of Physics who joined the Princeton faculty in 1990, shared the prize with David Thouless of the University of Washington and J. Michael Kosterlitz of Brown University.
Princeton University article.
Video of the Princeton University news conference on Oct. 4, 2016.
News release from the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences (NobelPrize.org)
Video of the Nobel news conference at the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Lyman Page, Chair, Department of Physics, Christopher Eisgruber, Princeton University President, F. Duncan Haldane, Professor of Physics and Nobel Laureate.